ADULT PSYCHOLOGY CH 1

ADULT PSYCHOLOGY CH 1 - ADULT PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER...

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ADULT PSYCHOLOGY: CHAPTER 1 - Adulthood: achieved when the age associated to full privileges and responsibilities of the society/country is attained. Canada: age 18-22 – legal age to drive, drink, own property...etc. - Development: - Why study adult development: 4 Principles of Adult Development and Aging: 1. Continuity principle: changes are continuous over the life span. a. Although you as an individual + your identity remains a constant/the same, factors such as body structure, cognitive abilities…etc. change. b. Individuals remain the “same” even though they change 2. Survival principle: obviously those who lived to reach old age are survivors of the many threats that could have prevented them from reaching that old age : all factors leading to death. a. Old aged people are survivors and are able to grow old. 3. Individuality: MYTH: ALL OLD PEOPLE BECOME ALIKE = FALSE a. Even though you grow old, you maintain your unique identity (continuity principle). In fact, though your psychological, physical, functioning declines, you become more and more different from one another. b. Inter-individual differences: differences between people, cognitively, physically…etc. c. Intra-individual differences: the difference in performance within the same individual: Not all systems develop/age at the same rate. An individual may demonstrate high intelligence yet poor physical functioning. 4. Normal Aging: Aging doesn’t mean growing ill. Aging is apart from “disease”. a. Primary aging: normal aging: natural universal changes that occur over time.
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