Wk 10 - Wk 10 PSYCHOLOGY RELATIONSHIPS Stimulus Value Role...

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Wk 10: PSYCHOLOGY: RELATIONSHIPS Stimulus Value Role Theory (SVT): Bernard Murstein: => 3 stages of building relationships: 1. Stimulus Stage: People view people based on external factors such as APPEARANCE + BEHAVIOUR 2. Value Stage: Involves observing the individual for values that may be compatible with yours. Based on this information, (knowing the other person’s values), it becomes easier to determine how BENEFICIAL the relationship will be (by friendship or romance). Activities for observation involves hanging out. 3. Role Stage: The final stage during which you try to figure out the role that that person will take in your life; friend, enemy, study partner, boyfriend…etc. [Committing to a relationship] Sternberg’s Triangular Theory: TYPES OF LOVE => Triangular theory d/t 3 Dimensions: 1. INTIMACY : feelings of closeness, affection + emotional connection 2. PASSION: physical closeness, motivational drive r/t sex 3. COMMITMENT: level of commitment => 7 TYPES OF LOVE/ “NON-LOVE” - Liking: friend or acquaintance - Infatuated: physical and sexually driven encounter; a.k.a lust - Empty: committed; arranged marriages, staying together for the kids - Romantic: emotional connection and passion, but not long term commitment YET - Companionate: strong connection, but no sexual element; best friend, relationship with fizzled out sexual element - Fatuous: people who meet and within a small time frame get married - Consummate: loving, sexual, committed relationship Important characteristics when choosing a spouse? - Common Interests - Physical Compatibility - Life Goals - Compatibility in Values & Morals - Being in love! - Cultural Differences: culturally, is love crucial for marriage? , emotional maturity, similar education status?, health, chastity - Gender Differences: I.e. In China, men want women in good health & women want emotionally maturity in men
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MATE SELECTION: Janda & Llenke-Hamel Begin with a group, then filter out first based on attraction , then location , then based on compatibility . Continue this filter process until you find the one person. • Evolutionary Perspective - Men want people who look attractive and healthy; men like women who laugh at their jokes - Women prefer financial security and ambition; one who can provide resources. Women also like a sense of humour but a person who is genuinely funny. - This theory has been criticized very heavily b/c it is very SEXSIST (assumed gender roles/feminism/gender equality). => Also hard to prove; however theorists state their findings are apparent & consistent in different cultures • Homogamy: The tendency to marry someone who is similar to us (age, race, religion, culture…etc.): the basic demographic characteristics. - EVOLUTIONARY VIEW: Homogamy is preferred in order to try to maintain the genes of (or similar to) your culture, and carry that forward through generations. I.e. In race, height, health status…etc.
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