1951RosenbergsThe Rosenbergs were a husband and wife who were arrested and executed for selling secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.H-bombThe hydrogen bomb was developed under the guidance of Dr. William Teller. It was many times more powerful than an atomic bomb and in fact required an atomic bomb to detonate. The United States exploded the first H-bomb and a few years later theSoviet Union then exploded their version of the bomb.Sugar RaySugar Ray Robinson was the middle-weight boxing champion of the world. At the time considered pound-for-pound the best boxerever. He was also highly personable and popular.PanmunjomPanmunjom, Korea is where negotiations between the United Nations—led by the United States—and the Communist North Koreans to end the Korean War took place. The separation between North Korea and South Korea was originally the 38th Parallel, but the new truce decided on a boundary between the countries that was more defensible. The countries also exchanged prisoners-of-war as a result of the Panmunjom negotiations.BrandoMarlon Brando became a top movie actor. He was famous for his brooding and mumbling acting style. He received an Academy Award for his role in "On the Waterfront" that brought him to be a top box-office draw. Many years later, he starred in the "Godfather" movie.
The King and IThe King and Iwas a popular Broadway play and later turned intoa movie starring Yul Brunner and Deborah Kerr.The Catcher in the RyeThe Catcher in the Ryewas an extreme popular book among teens, as it epitomized their attitudes and feelings.1952EisenhowerGen. Dwight D. Eisenhower ("Ike") had been Supreme Commander in the World War II fight against the Nazis. He later became a popular president of the United States. "I like Ike" was the motto of his followers.VaccineThe vaccine to the dreaded disease polio was discovered by JonasSalk and distributed to the world.England's got a new QueenOn February 6, 1952, Queen Elizabeth 2 ascended to the throne upon the death of her father, King George 6. Her coronation didn't take place until June 2, 1953. This was a great event, not only in Britain but in all the countries of the British Commonwealth. It was also big news in the United States and many other countries as well. Filmed documentaries of the event circulated in Commonwealth countries for a long time after the event and every school child was taken to organized cinema screenings in school time.(Thanks to Jim Cable of New Zealand for his input)MarcianoRocky Marciano was the heavyweight boxing champion of the
world. He retired undefeated.LiberaceLiberace was a popular pianist and entertainer, who had his own TV show in the 1950s. He was known for wearing sequined tuxedos and having a candelabrum on his piano. He is credited with advising singer Elvis Presley to also wear "fancy clothes" during his performances. Women adored Liberace, because of his sweet smile and wavy hair.
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