Organic_Molecule_FactChart - OrganicMolecule Mainfunctionin body CARBOHYDRATES(page4344inHolt Subdivisions Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides

Organic_Molecule_FactChart - OrganicMolecule Mainfunctionin...

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Unformatted text preview: Organic Molecule Main function in body CARBOHYDRATES (page 43­44 in Holt) Subdivisions Examples or Specific Job Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides LIPIDS (page 44­45 in Holt) Fats Lactose, sugar found in milk, made of two simple sugar molecules Phospholipids Steroids Waxes Fibrous PROTEINS Made up of amino acids. Every amino acid has an amino group, a carboxyl group and a variable side group. They are held together by peptide bonds. There are 20 amino acids found in the body. Found in cell membrane, regulates transport into and out of cell Make up hormones which are signaling molecules These are structural proteins such as keratin. It is found in hair and nails. (pages 45­46 in Holt) Globular NUCLEIC ACIDS (page 46 in Holt) Enzymes (write definition from Holt page 53 or glossary) DNA These are functional proteins that have specific roles, such as a protein based hormone. RNA ...
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  • Holt, 20 amino acids

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