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Unformatted text preview: Russian Civil WarLecture Outline Objectives Civil War Origins (weakness of soviet and Bolshevik Power) Nature (new state policies, methods) Aftermath (short-term, long-term) Interpretations/Significance Origins Factionalism between Left Weakness of Bolsheviks Outside cities In peripheries (outside of European Russia) Opposition able to mobilize (Left, Right, Center) Ethnic Strife/national Movements Diplomacy (Peace of Brest Litovsk, March 1918) Grain Requisitioning (Antagonizes peasants) Bolshevik Power/Legitimacy Oppose Constituent Assembly Met in January 1918 Dissolved after one day Voting patterns: Bolsheviks Strong, not Dominant 36 % (plurality) in towns 40 % in military (SRs 41%) Clear Majority in Western Armies SRs stronger in Countryside Mensheviks weak; SRs: single issue voters; Kadets (7%) have virtually no base of support. Main Opposition Whites (rightists, monarchists,liberals, some leftists) Kolchak (Siberia), Iudenich (Northwest/Baltic), Denikin (South) Don and Kuban Cossacks (SE of Moscow) Former Bolshevik Supporters Seized control over Tsaritsyn (Volgograd/Stalingrad); Reds put down Later Join Denikin Greens: mostly peasant partisans Oppose reds and whites Roots of New Policies War Communism Instability and Threats: Need to Mobilize Unrest, Uprisings, threats of intervention and coups. Unrest, Uprisings, threats of intervention and coups....
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