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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5: Stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination (p 129- 138) September 6 th 1995 Ipperwash Provincial Park, Ontario- Anthony George ( shot and killed by Ontario Provincial police ( OPP)- Aboriginal protestor involved in land dispute- Carried a stick however officer that killed him thought he had a rifle- Before George was killed two OPP officers were taped saying racial slurs and comments directed at the protestors - Did racism play a role in the death of Anothny George? - Cases such as these show that racism is still alive Perception of others is profoundly influenced by the act of perceiving them as a member of a group RACE is but one kind of group membership that can influence perceivers thought, feeling and actions (others include gender, age, Group defined here as two or more persons perceived as related because of their interactions with each other over time, membership in the same social category or common fate Stereotype a belief that associates a group of people with certain traits Prejudice negative feelings toward persons based on their membership in certain groups Discrimination negative behaviour directed against persons because of their membership in a particular group Our beliefs and feelings influence each other, both give rise to discrimination, and discriminatory behaviour, in turn, fuels stereotypes and prejudices Well known stereotypes:- Japanese ( sneaky)- Athletes ( brainless)- Librarians ( quiet)- Italians ( emotional)- Accountants ( dull)- Canadians ( polite) Stereotypes are universal and frequent To understand them it is important to trace their roots How s t er e ot yp e s form:- Historical perspective stereotypes spring from past events Ex. Slavery (blacks as inferior)/ Japanese during WW2 (no trust)- Political perspective stereotypes are viewed as a means by which groups in power come to rationalize war, religious intolerance and - Socio culture prospective real differences between social groups contribute to perceived differences Each of these perspectives has something unique to offer- however, social psychologists pose an additional question: Regardless of how stereotypes are born within a culture, how so they grow and operate in the minds of - The formation of or stereotypes involves two processes 1) Categorization ( we sort people into two groups) 2) We perceive groups to which we belong ( in-groups ) as being different from ones which we do not belong ( out groups ) Social categorization : the classification of persons into groups on the basis of - Social categorization is natural and adaptive - Categorizing people leads us to overestimate the differences between...
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