Social psyc textbook summary chap 1

Social psyc textbook summary chap 1 - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1: Introduction What is social Psychology? Social psychology is the study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in regard to other people and how individuals’ thoughts; feeling, and behaviours are affected by other people. Social psychology is a science It applies scientific method of systematic observation, description, and measurement to the study of the human condition. Social psychologists investigate a wide variety of attitudes and contexts They strive to establish general principles of attitude formation and change that apply in a variety of situations. Social psychology typically focuses on the psychology of the individual The Social Element: What makes social psychology unique is its emphasis on the social nature of individuals. However, the “socialness” of social psychology varies Social psychologists sometimes examine non-social factors that affect people’s thoughts, emotions, motives and actions They also investigate people thoughts or feeling about non- social things like people’s attitude toward specific products, and how it can be influenced Social Psychology Questions and Applications: Because social psychology is scientific rather than anecdotal, it provides insights that would be impossible to gain through intuition or experience alone. Types of social Psychological questions:
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Social perception : what affects the way we perceive ourselves and others Ex: where do stereotypes come from, and why are they resistant to change? Social Influence: how do we influence each other Why do people often perform worse in groups than alone? Social Interaction: what causes us to like, love help and hurt others? Ex: when is a bystander more or less likely to help you in an emergency Applying social psychology: how does social psychology help us understand questions about law Ex: why do people sometimes confess to crimes they did not commit? The power of the social context: An experiment Our own sense of identity can be influenced by merely thinking about other people Point illustrated by Emily Pronin (2004) with “identity bifurcation” Researchers hypothesized that merely being made to think about how other females do math would cause their female participants to exhibit identity bifurcation Thinking about females generally underperforming in math relative to males would make individual females deny their own identification with aspects of femininity that were associated with negative stereotypes about women and math. The test: Students would read 2 scientific articles: Group 1:
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1) half of students read one that had nothing to do with gender or math 2) other half read article that reported the results of standardized math test for grade 7 and 8, showing boys outperforming girls.
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