Chapter 13 New Styles in The Seventeenth Century

Chapter 13 New Styles in The Seventeenth Century - Dorothy...

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Dorothy Chung 3/14/16 Chapter 13 New Styles in the Seventeenth Century Basso continuo, monody, recitative: new idioms New styles, marked by unprepared dissonance Greater focus on the solo voice or instrument, new genre: opera Baroque: outpouring of innovation Employed by art historians in the 19th century Only in later 20th century → music historians applied it to the period from 1600 - 1750 Certainly some shared elements Monteverdi and Peri shared with Vivaldi and Bach, focus on moving the affections (emotions) Europe in the Seventeenth Century Europe was in the midst of a scientific revolution→ led by new breed of investigators who relied on mathematics, observation and practical experiments, not on received opinion Johannes Kepler: 1609 that planets move around the sun in elliptical orbits at speeds that vary with their distance from the sun Galileo Galilei demonstrated the laws that control motion and used the newly invented telescope to discover sunspots and moons orbiting Jupiter Bacon: empirical approach to science → direction observation rather than ancient authorities Renee Descartes: deductive approach that explained world through mathematics, logic, reasoning from first principles Sir Isaac Newton : law of gravitation in 1660s New thinking about politics English Levellers: advocated democracy with equal political rights for all men Thomas Hobbes: 1651 (Leviathan) argued for an all-powerful sovereign state Henry IV in France issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 guaranteeing some freedom to
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