Chapter 11 Madrigal & Secular Song in the 16th Century

Chapter 11 Madrigal & Secular Song in the 16th Century...

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Chapter 11 Madrigal & Secular Song in the 16th Century - Spanish villancico - Italian frottola - French new chanson - Italian madrigal: Renaissance composers brought to a peak their intense interest in realizing music the accents, images, and emotions of the text First Market for Music Development of music printing in 1501 → technological breakthrough → reduced labor, cost of producing notated music in multiple copies first time music instead of a service, a commodity Combination of music printing with the demand for music that amateurs could sing and play created the first market for music Music suited to amateur performance sold particularly well composers worked to meet this demand Spain villancico: most important form of secular polyphonic song in Renaissance Spain from Spanish villano (peasant) Juan del Encina (1468-1529) first Spanish playwright leading composer of villancicos interested in pastoral themes borrowed from ancient Greek and Roman literature Italy frottola: 4 part strophic song set syllabically and homophonically, melody in upper voice marked rhythmic patterns simple diatonic harmonies tune for singing the poetry frittola featured simple music and earthly and satirical texts mock popular songs written for the amusement of the courtly elite Isabella d’Este, wife of the marquis of Mantua, was an important patron encouraged the development of frittole corresponded with Italian poets spurred musicians at her court to set their poems to music 1509 beginning, Francisco Bossinensis published collections of frottole by various
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