Chapter 7 Music and the Renaissance

Chapter 7 Music and the Renaissance - Chapter 7 Music and...

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Chapter 7 Music and the Renaissance Intro 15th and 16th centuries were a period of great change for European culture, literature, art, and music 1855 Histoire de France Jules Michelet crystallized this notion in the term Renaissance “rebirth” in French In music, these centuries are better understood as a time of continual and overlapping changes than as a period characterized by single unified style - new genres emerged Greater use of 3rds and 6ths → new tuning systems 2 principal textures in late 15th century 1) imitative counterpoint 2) homophony Revival of classical learning paralleled with music → renewed interest in ancient Greek theory and ideals for music and focus on setting words with correct declamation while reflecting the meanings and emotions of the text Early 16th: music printing made notated music available to the wider public Amateurs bought music to perform for their own entertainment → composers produce new and more popular kinds of music, songs in vernacular Reformation brought new forms of religious music for Protestant churches → also new styles for Catholic Europe from 1400 to 1600 15th century, the end of 2 long-standing conflicts: Great Schism in the church resolved in 1417 → returned to a single pope in Rome Hundred Years’ War concluded → expulsion of the English from France in 1453 1453: Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks → Byzantine Empire ended New conflicts emerged: Turks conquered the Balkans and Hungary over the next century Roman Church was splintered by the Reformation, movement that began in 1517 as debate about church practices but quickly led to the formation of new Protestant denominations and more than a century of theological disputes and religous wars Rise of Europe as a world power Larger ships, better navigational aids, powerful artillery → expanded their influence beyond Mediterranean and northern Atlantic Portuguese established colonies and trade routes extending around Africa to India and the East Indies Columbus’ encounter with the New World in 1492 led to Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas → followed by French, English, Dutch in early 17th European culture expanded → throughout Americas, Africa, Asia, trans- Atlantic musical culture that blended genres, rhythms, styles, traditions from Europe, Americas and Africas
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European economy stabilized around 1400 Rulers, in the small principalities and city-states of Italy, sought to glorify themselves and the reputations of their realms by erecting impressive palaces and country houses decorated with new artworks and newly unearthed artifacts from ancient civilizations The Renaissance in Culture and Art Notion of Renaissance, debatable: some begin in the 14th with Giotto, Dante, Petrarch, and Trecento music some in the early 15th or later some think it ends by mid 16th some think it continues into the 17th The idea of “rebirth” seems problematic for music
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