ETHICAL RELATIVISM STUDY QUESTIONS (1)

ETHICAL RELATIVISM STUDY QUESTIONS (1) - ETHICAL RELATIVISM...

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ETHICAL RELATIVISM STUDY QUESTIONS James Rachels: “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” (1998) 1. How does Rachels define cultural relativism? 2. What is the Cultural Differences Argument? 3. The Greeks believed that it was wrong to eat the dead, whereas the Callatians believed it was right. Does it follow, from the mere fact that they disagreed , that there is no objective truth in the matter? 4. What are three consequences of cultural relativism? 5. What is an example of an Eskimo (Inuit) practice or custom that differs from ours because of a difference in belief systems, not a difference in value? 6. Why does Rachels think all societies have values or moral rules in common? 7. Name two values or moral rules that all cultures have in common. 8. What two things can be learned from Cultural Relativism? 9. Why does Rachels call some social practices and attitudes ‘cultural products’ or conventions? 10. What is an example of a practice or attitude that is a cultural product:
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Unformatted text preview: a social convention of a particular group, but is not objectively right or wrong? Thomas Donaldson: “Values in Tension: Ethics Away from Home” (1996) 1. Why does Donaldson call cultural relativism “morally blind”? 2. What is ethical imperialism? 3. What are the three reasons Donaldson rejects absolutism? 4. What are three principles Donaldson introduces for guiding companies that operate in different countries? 5. How does Donaldson evaluate Union Carbide’s use of sophisticated technology in Bhophal India in the 1980’s? 6. Name three core human values that Donaldson claims defines minimum ethical standards for all companies operating anywhere? 7. What is a conflict of relative development? 8. How does Donaldson advise resolving a conflict of relative development? 9. What is conflict of cultural tradition? 10.What are five guidelines for ethical leadership for companies operating abroad?...
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