Chapter 1 concepts - Chapter 1 Health refers to the overall...

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Chapter 1 Health: refers to the overall condition of a person’s body or mind and to the presence or absence of illness or injury Can be determined by factors out of your control i.e. genes, age, family history Wellness: ability to achieve optimal health Determined by the decisions you make and how you live Risk Factors: things that contribute to disease or injury Dimensions of Wellness Physical: body’s overall condition, absence of disease, your fitness level and your ability to care for yourself – to achieve optimal physical wellness, you need to make choices that help you avoid illness and injury Emotional: reflects your ability to understand and deal with your feelings. Attending to your own thoughts and feelings, monitoring your reactions, and identifying obstacles to emotional stability - Self acceptance : your personal satisfaction with yourself - Self-esteem : way you think other perceive you - Self-confidence : both acceptance and esteem Intellectual: constantly challenging the mind Interpersonal: your ability to develop and maintain satisfying and supportive relationships Spiritual: to posses a set of guiding beliefs, principles or values that give meaning and purpose to your life, especially in difficult times Environmental: the livability of your surroundings Financial: ability to live within your means and manage your money in a way that gives you peace of mind Other aspects Occupational Wellness: the level of happiness and fulfillment you gain through your work 2011 life expectancy = 78.7 years - Due to development of vaccines and antibiotics Leading causes of death for Americans 1. Heart disease 2. Cancer 3. Chronic lower Respitory disease Infectious disease vs. chronic disease
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