Lecture+13+-+Education - Education Lecture 13 Education as...

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Lecture 13 Education
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Societal needs that education helps to solve: 1) The need to teach basic skills and impart knowledge 2) The need to teach specific skills for the workplace 3) The need for socialization Education as a Social Institution
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Functional Illiteracy: the inability to read or write well enough to be a functioning member of society. Affects 14% of Americans aged 16 years or older. Functional Innumeracy : the lack of math skills to function in society. Affects 22% of Americans aged 16 years or older. Education as a Social Institution
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Because of its power to socialize, schools have always been viewed as a place to assimilate immigrants. Experience of American Indians suggests that using schools to assimilate has not always been a benign process. Education as a Social Institution
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Regardless of social background, all children in the United States should receive a good education so that they can participate fully as citizens and as workers. Ideology of Mass Education
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The United States has embraced a commitment to public education since its founding. By 1870, all states had elementary schools. Ideology of Mass Education “There should not be a district of one mile square, without a school in it, not founded by a charitable individual, but maintained at the public expense of the people themselves.” — John Adams, U.S. President, 1785
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From 1910-1940, secondary schools were transformed from elite institutions to mass institutions—free and open to everybody. Attendance in high school during this time rose from 15% to more than 70%. Ideology of Mass Education
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The ideology of mass education makes the presence of educational inequality problematic. Social scientific evidence suggests that educational opportunities are not in fact equal, and that our education system plays a key role in reproducing social inequality. Ideology of Mass Education
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2012 Graduation Rates from Public High Schools Asians: 93% Whites: 85% Latinos: 76% Blacks: 68%
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Percentage of Southern Black Children Attending School with Whites Data from Rosenberg, Hollow Hope (1991)
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