Lecture+12+-+FamilyII - Marriage Lecture 12 What Are Social...

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Lecture 12 Marriage
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Generally : an institution is a recognized solution to a social problem. More specifically: an institution is an accepted group of interdependent roles, values, and norms that respond to important societal needs and that reproduce themselves over time. What Are Social Institutions?
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Marriage is the most common foundation for family in the world. Marriage is widely accepted as the best way of solving society’s need to socialize children, to transfer property, to regulate sexuality, etc. Social scientists have found significant economic, social, and health benefits to marriage. Marriage as a Social Institution
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Married people have significantly greater wealth than single people. A person who marries (and stays married) accumulates almost twice as much personal wealth as a single or divorced person. People who divorce lose approx. three-quarters of their personal net worth. Economic Benefits of Marriage
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The presence of two parents is associated with increased child wellbeing. More parental supervision More resources Better education Social Benefits of Marriage
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Married people are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors than single people. Problem drinking, substance abuse, and other risk-taking behavior (such as driving too fast or under the influence) are all much rarer among married individuals than unmarried individuals. Health Benefits of Marriage
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Married men and women face a lower risk of dying prematurely than those who have never married or whose previous marriage ended. Health Benefits of Marriage
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Andrew Cherlin argues that marriage as an institution is becoming deinstitutionalized . Traditional social norms about marriage are weakening, and we are starting to see new social rules and new ways of being in relationships. Deinstitutionalization of Marriage
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American paradox of marriage: Americans value marriage highly (85-90% of Americans will eventually get married), but we have the highest rate of divorce of any industrialized country in the world. Deinstitutionalization of Marriage
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NUMBER OF U.S. DIVORCES PER 1,000 MARRIED WOMEN
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Divorce rates have little to do with personal values and a lot to do with personal economics. The lower the income, the greater the likelihood of divorce. Two-parent families that are poor are twice as likely to divorce as two-parent families that are not poor. Deinstitutionalization of Marriage
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Deinstitutionalization of Marriage Another contributor to the divorce rate is the increased independence of women.
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