Research in Child Dev SV PPT - Research in Child...

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Research in Child Development
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Developmental Study as a Science ! Scientific method - general way to seek evidence to answer question ! Formulate a research question ! Develop a hypothesis ! Test the hypothesis ! Draw conclusions ! Make findings available 6
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Methods of Development Three common designs: ! Observational ! Neurobiological ! Correlational ! Experimental 7
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Observational Designs 7 ! Naturalistic observation ! Simply observing behavior as it naturally occurs ! Structured observation ! A situation is set up to elicit the desired behavior to observe
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Naturalistic Observation Study: How often to preschoolers look at books? 8
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Structured Observation Study: The Marshmallow Test 8
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Observational Designs ! Sampling ! Event sampling - record all instances of a particular behavior during a specified time period ! Timesampling - record whether certain behaviors occur during a sample of short intervals 9
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Observational Designs ! Limitations ! Observer influence ! Observer bias 9
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Case Study !
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  • Spring '08
  • Johnson
  • Developmental Psychology, Correlation does not imply causation, Correlational, Observational Designs, developmental study

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