9781284079937_SLID_CH21 - Chapter 21 Accidents and Injuries...

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Chapter 21 Accidents and Injuries
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Accidents and Injuries Learning Objectives 1. Define safety, accidents, and unintentional injuries. 2. Describe various strategies to prevent unintentional injuries. 3. Use the epidemiological triad to identify unintentional injury risk factors. 4. Describe the Haddon matrix and explain why it was developed.
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Accidents and Injuries Learning Objectives (continued) 5. Discuss various ways to prevent motor vehicle crashes, motorcycle accidents, bicycle accidents, and pedestrian accidents. 6. Describe various strategies to improve home and work safety. 7. Describe ways to prevent firearm injuries. 8. List the major sports with the highest risk of injury for boys and girls. 9. Describe the three grades of a concussion.
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Accidents and Injuries Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Motor Vehicle Safety Motorcycle Safety Pedestrian Safety Bicycle Safety Home and Community Safety Work Safety Sports and Recreational Injuries First Aid and Emergencies Taking Risks and Preventing Accidents
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Accidents and Injuries
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Accidents and Injuries Among persons aged 1–34, unintentional injury is the leading cause of death. Fifth leading cause of death of people of all ages. Accidents are preventable!
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Safety : ever-changing condition; maintaining the condition of minimal risk of injury, illness, or property damage from the hazards to which people are exposed. Accident : a sequence of events that produces unintended injury, death, or property damage. Accident refers to the event, not the result of the event.
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Accidents Each year, one in four Americans will sustain an accidental injury that requires medical attention. Injuries are the leading cause of disability in young people today. Cause more deaths in children than all the infectious diseases combined.
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Unintentional Injury The result of an accident. The five leading causes of death from unintentional injury are: Motor vehicle accidents Falls Poisoning by solids and liquids Fires and burns Drowning The causes of death from unintentional injury change with age.
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Reducing Your Risk of Accidents Safety professionals have focused on two areas: Accident mitigation : methods to reduce damage caused by unplanned events. Accident prevention : ways to eliminate the occurrence of unintentional injuries.
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents
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Unintentional Injuries and Accidents Reducing Your Risk of Accidents (continued) Factors involved: Knowledge Attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors Economic and social conditions Ability level of the performer of tasks (competence) Environmental conditions Alcohol and other drugs Stress and fatigue
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