ESPY 2130 – Chapter 1 Notes

ESPY 2130 – Chapter 1 Notes - ESPY 2130 Chapter 1 Notes...

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ESPY 2130 – Chapter 1 Notes Learning, Teaching, and Educational Psychology I. Learning and teaching today A. Educational psychology – the study of development, learning, motivation, teaching, and assessment in and out of schools B. Students today – dramatic diversity and remarkable technology 1. In the USA: a. 2010 – 13% of the population was born outside of the US; 20% spoke a language other than English at home; 22% of children under the age of 18 are Latino b. 2011-2012 school year – 60% of students with disabilities spent most of their time in GEN ED classrooms c. 2013 – 22% of all children (16 million kids) live in poverty; 7 million live in extreme poverty d. 2012 – the average wealth of white households is 18 times the wealth of Hispanic households and 20 times the wealth of black households e. 2013 – 1 in 6 children have a mild to severe developmental disability 2. Even though students in classrooms are increasingly diverse in race, ethnicity, language, and SES, teachers are much less diverse a. 91% of teachers are white, 7% are black C. Confidence in every context 1. Teacher’s sense of efficacy – a teacher’s belief that he or she can reach even difficult students to help them learn a. One of the few personal characteristics of teachers that predict student achievement b. Teachers with a high sense of efficacy work harder and persist longer even when students are difficult to teach; less likely to experience burnout and more likely to be satisfied with their jobs c. Prospective teachers tend to increase in their personal sense of efficacy as a consequence of completing student teaching, but sense of efficacy may decline after the first year of teaching d. Higher in schools when the others teachers and admins have high expectations for students and the teachers receive help from principals in solving instructional and management problems e. Grows from real success with students D. High expectations for teachers and students 1. January 8, 2012 – President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act 2. March 13, 2010 – the Obama Admin released A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the ESEA to describe a vision for the reauthorization of NCLB a.
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