Lecture week 3 - Week 3 Lecture Notes Keywords(Chpt 4...

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Week 3 Lecture Notes Keywords (Chpt 4): Artifact Symbol Primate Society Worldview Monotheism vs. polytheism Test pit Relative dating vs. absolute dating Keywords (Chpt 7): Ovulation Estrus Sexual dimorphism Pheromone Gender vs. sex Folk taxonomy Marriage Muclear vs. extended family Incest taboo Keywords (Chpt 8): Races Cline Melanin Endogamy vs. exogamy Racism Diffusion Lecture: Chapter 4 is a great overview of not only culture and worldviews, but also of archaeology. Culture is both a learned and shared experience. Although we are all born with the same biology, our behavior and perspective is shaped by our worldview and culture. It’s a common mistake to think of other cultures from your own perspective. I often think to myself when traveling “Why don’t they clean this area?” or “They might not be sick if they stopped doing this.” But, as an anthropologist, I’ve been trained to take a cultural relativist point of view. When my conscience starts making judgments (which is inevitable), I have to remember that I am judging another culture based on my own worldview. The term for this is ethnocentric, meaning that you view your own culture and values to be superior to other cultures. I’m not used to litter and garbage, but our country has an infrastructure that allows us to have landfills and sanitation systems, other countries don’t necessarily have the same capabilities. Similarly, I am used to packaged, processed foods that adhere to certain health
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and safety standards. Food packaging and preservation in another culture might not make sense to me, but it doesn’t have to. Sometimes anthropology texts make it seem as though anthropologists are above judging other cultures and are able to see everything through an untainted lens. Nothing could be further from the truth, all of us have these thoughts when
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