Lecture week 7 - Week 7 Lecture Notes Keywords(Chpt 13...

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Week 7 Lecture Notes Keywords (Chpt 13): Invention Diffusion Acculturation Unilinear evolution Kulturkreise vs. historical particularism Keywords (Chpt 14): Food taboos Endocannibalism Altruism Biological vs. cultural determinism Sociobiology Keywords (Chpt 15): Carrying capacity Applied anthropology Lecture: Chapter 13 discusses how cultures change and evolve over time. Throughout the course many of you have brought up cultural change on the discussion boards or in your quickie papers. It’s obvious that cultures are dynamic and are always changing. Think about the values and experiences that your parents or grandparents grew up with and compare them with your values and experiences. We’ve experienced a lot of cultural change within our own lifetimes and between generations. Park describes how discoveries and inventions lead to cultural changes. One process of cultural change is diffusion. Over time, as different cultures have come in contact via trade, war, or good will, cultures have borrowed technology, rituals, ideas from one another. Once a culture borrows something from another culture, they might shape and change it for themselves until eventually the origin isn’t obvious. Acculturation is another process of cultural change. This refers to when one culture changes or is forced to change due to another ruling/dominant culture. Revolution is also a process of cultural change; Park gives some examples of non-war related revolutions that brought major change to some cultures.
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