Lecture week 6 - Week 6 Lecture Notes Keywords(Chpt 11...

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Week 6 Lecture Notes Keywords (Chpt 11): Keywords (Chpt 12): Features of language (define 4) religion Phoneme vs. morpheme animism Syntax polytheism vs. monotheism Endocast shaman vs. priest Ethnosemantics magic Lecture: Chapter 11 discusses language and communication. Park discusses four main features of language: 1) displacement: language can describe things that are of another place and time (it doesn’t have to only describe the here and now). 2) duality: language consists of small units of both sound (phoneme) and meaning (morpheme) 3) productivity: our language allows us to create new meaning and ideas and we can understand each other even though we may have never heard anything similar. For example, Noam Chomsky used “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously” as an example. This phrase is grammatically correct and we understand what the words mean, but it is a novel way of combining the words and doesn’t have meaning for most of us. 4) arbitrary: the linguistic words and symbols that we use to describe things aren’t always related to the thing itself. For example, does the word “chair” look like a chair? If you didn’t know English, would you know what “chair” refers to? Probably not because the word itself isn’t directly connected to the item itself. English speakers know that the term means because as we learn the language, we are also learning that this word is the accepted way of communicating about this particular object.
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