PSYC 2015Lecture 10 - PSYC 215 Lecture 10 Self-Awareness...

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PSYC 215 Lecture 10 Self-Awareness and Self-Regulation Self-Regulation: control of behaviour: We control our behavior instead of doing whatever we feel like. Ex: Prof was driving down the highway. He seemed to speed up. Often, he isn’t aware of it. He realizes it’s the wrong thing to do. It’s not safe. He has a clear standard that he should not speed by too much. That is alike a lot of behaviors that we sometimes do. Ex: Eating chocolate, can’t eat as much as you want because you don’t want to become fat and unhealthy. Ex; exercise: you don’t want to do it, but you have to control your behavior to do it, because it is good for you. Ex; studying, you realize you should be doing this, but you don’t want to be doing this. Sometimes we do and sometimes we don’t. Ex: he was in a sporting good store. There was a big TV there. The prof watches the hockey game on the TV. At one point, the puck slides right up to the goal line but doesn’t get in. He is watching it and gets all tense. He lets out a grunt, all of a sudden. He realizes that he’s in a store and suddenly became very focused on himself and got control over himself. Phenomenon of Self-awareness. Self-Awareness Self-awareness = degree to which a person is paying attention to his/her own thoughts, feelings, & behaviours. Even chimpanzees are able to do this. Self-regulation is more likely to occur when we are paying attention to ourselves. Our attention at any given moment can be anywhere. Some sources of Self-Awareness: Social disruptions: when something goes wrong socially, we suddenly become very aware of ourselves. Increase sense of self-awareness. Salience of self: Something stands-out against the environment. (ex: noticeable haircut) Makes you feel noticeable in the environment. Personality variable: Some people focus on themselves more than others. Other people are more focused on what is going on around them. Self-focusing stimuli: something in the environment that focuses its environment on you. Ex: the mirror in the grocery store that the prof sees himself in. Effects of Self-Awareness: 1) Self-Evaluation Discrepancies? –If YES -> Negative affect Someone notes that when someone gets self-aware they typically evaluate themselves. They look at their discrepancies. If you sit and think about yourself, you are going to find ways where you are discrepant Wicklund (1978) - rating carpet samples - TV showing self (vs not), or cowboy picture - Lowest self-evaluations when self-focused (when the TV was showing them)
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Study: does making someone self-aware lead to negative feelings. Deceptive study: rate carpet samples. Look at them and feel them. How would you feel having this carpet at home? The people had to tell how they felt about the carpet. Had three conditions: 1) Camera pointed at them and subject sees his face on a monitor (more focused) 2) Camera in the room but not pointed at them (not making self-aware) When people rated their feelings about themselves: People who were self-focused rated themselves most negatively. Experimenter did that study because if you simply ask people to
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  • Spring '08
  • MichaelSullivan
  • Psychology, Interpersonal relationship, Gibbons

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