MACKENZIE BOOK NOTES FOR FINAL EXAM

MACKENZIE BOOK NOTES FOR FINAL EXAM - MACKENZIE BOOK NOTES...

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MACKENZIE BOOK NOTES FOR FINAL EXAM: Chapter 8- Sex Offender Treatment: I. Introduction: a. Sex offenders are classified into two categories: i. People who have committed forcible rape ii. People who have committed a sexual assault (including: statutory rape, sodomy, incest, offenses against chastity, common decency, and morals, unwanted sexual contact, and fondling) b. Accurate estimates of the incidence of sexual crimes are extremely difficult to obtain because many victims fail to report such offenses c. Rape sentences average 12.5 years; sexual assault sentence average 8.5 years d. Although sentence lengths have not been changed in the past decade, the amount of time these offenders actually spend in prison has increased because they serve a larger percentage of their sentence in prison e. Most imprisoned sex offenders are males (99%) who have previously been convicted of a felony (60%) 10-15% have previously convicted of a sex offense f. Bureau of Justice Statistics within 3 years of release from prison approximately 50% of sex offenders will be rearrested for a new sex offense and 34% will be reconvicted g. Sex offenders are relatively small percentage of the total correctional population II. Theoretical Perspectives: a. 2 different philosophies about the assessment, etiology, and treatment of sex offenders: i. Belief that sex offenders with sexual disorders must be distinguished from other offenders who may be convicted of a sex offense but do not have a disorder sex offenders diagnosed with sexual disorders should be targets for specialized treatment ii. Belief that there are no fundamental differences within the sex offender population or between sex offenders and other types of offenders typologies or classification systems are developed for subtypes for sex offenders based typically on behavior and motive for the offense treatment is designed to address the specific criminogenic characteristics of the different classes sex offender have some problems directly related to sex offending and these need to be addressed in treatment b. Sex Offenders with Sexual Disorders: i. Sex offenders who are convicted of sex offenses ii. Offenders with sexual disorders are predisposed to misbehave sexually because there is something fundamentally different about their sexual makeup iii. Ways individuals differ from each other sexually can be described in 4 ways: 1. People differ in the behaviors they find sexually arousing 2. People differ in the kind of partner toward who they are sexually attracted 3. People differ in the strength of their sexual drive 4. People differ in attitudes about sexual behavior and whether sexual temptations should be resisted iv. A paraphilic disorder is characterized by intense, recurrent, erotically arousing fantasies and urges involving inappropriate objects or coercive sexual activities 1. Typically directed toward: a. Nonhuman objects b. Suffering or humiliation c. Child or other nonconsenting people v.
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