EXAM 1 REVIEW - EXAM 1 REVIEW DRUGS IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM...

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EXAM 1 REVIEW: DRUGS IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM Why are drugs important to study? Psychoactive drugs have always been around Humans like to alter their consciousness Best thing to do is educate The dose makes the poison: Drug: a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being. Common definition: any substance that in small amounts produces noticeable changes in the body or mind Medicine vs. Poison: Medicine: a drug that helps the body Poison: a drug that injures the body All drugs are harmful in high enough doses Many poisonous substances can be useful in very low doses Potency: dictates how much is needed to cause an effect Categories of Drugs: Controlled Substance Act: divided illegal drugs into four basic categories: Opiates and Opioids Hallucinogens Stimulants Depressants Opiates and Opioids: Opiates: Drugs derived from opium plant Oldest drugs First to be seen as a public health threat Ex: Heroin, Morphine, Codeine Opioids: Synthetic drugs NOT derived from opium Similar to opium in structure and effect Majority of illegal drugs fall into this category Ex: Fentanyl, Painkillers Hallucinogens: Alter perceptions Term implies visual distortions or other changes in sensations Importance of mood and thought change gets lost Rare to actually have a hallucination Ex: LSD, PCP, Marijuana
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Stimulants: Excite the central nervous system Ex: Cocaine, Amphetamines Depressants: Inhibit the central nervous system Includes sedative and hypnotics Often referred to as downers Ex: Barbiturates, GHB, Sleeping pills Drug Terms: Illegal drug: Drugs that are classified as Schedule I or II substances in the Controlled Substances Act Illicit drugs: Drugs that are taken outside its regulate or medicinally prescribed use Not necessarily illegal Ex: Xanax Drug of Abuse: Any drug (legal or illegal) that is used in an irresponsible or harmful way Psychoactive drugs: Affect the central nervous system Stimulate or dull senses Promote a feeling of euphoria Alter perceptions All illegal drugs in the U.S. are psychoactive drugs Recreational drugs: Drugs taken for non-medical purpose, usually for pleasure Not all are illegal Narcotic: Drugs related to opium or its synthetic forma First drugs to be controlled by international agreement Loosely used to refer to all illegal drugs but they DO NOT encompass ALL drugs Why are drugs illegal? Danger to self Danger to others Danger to society Because they are illegal it is almost impossible to conduct the research necessary to prove that they may be used safely Danger to Self: Dangerous drugs = toxic Injures mind and body Causes harm to the functioning of a person
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