SC NATS 1840 - Lecture 3 summary

SC NATS 1840 - Lecture 3 summary - NATS 1840 Lecture 3...

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NATS 1840– Lecture 3 – Dutch Hydraulic Engineering Medieval Dutch Hydraulic Engineering In the last lecture we talked about that civilization follow similar pattern. It developed large scale hydro engineering using that produces the surpluses of foods and everything follows that one. This one was common in many different cultures. Many different places that adopted the similar pattern of technological development. They all use this hydro engineering technology; they all produce the surplus. Hogo argued that with every one of these cultures what we end up with is centralized bureaucrat government. We have now centralized bureaucrat government all around the world. Independent societies all developed similar structures on the basis of similar technologies and that is the strongest aspect of Hogo argument. The technology leads to certain government structure. Exception: Dutch Medieval agriculture . Revolution: when there is a significant change in a society Agricultural revolution: 12000 years ago, and another one in middle ages: - European was known to have a lot of rainfall, and to have thick, wet soil. So it was difficult to plant seeds. As a result of it, they adopted certain technology: , iron–shod plough (/pla /) and oxen, so they could plant seeds (it was ʊ technological development). So once they had this particular technology and oxen, they could plant seeds and harvest crops. However, oxen were expensive to get, maintain…, so farmers created farming collecting. Some farmers came together and buy oxen and collectively use it.
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- They used Field rotation, crop, fallow, manure, population increase. The concern is this: when you are using certain plant or crop, you grow up and plant certain crop during the year until eventually, you exhaust the nutrients in the soil in a way that you can’t grow anymore. So they used field rotation. Filed was divided and in different times, different crops were planted. - Horse-collar: Chinese developed it and Europeans used it for agriculture instead of oxen. It turns out to be horses were cheaper and more efficient than oxen, so increased horse population. So more foods were grown, and horses were used for military. Cavalry(: / kævlri/ the part of the army that fought on horses); ˈ , stirrups: one of the metal rings that hang down on each side of a horse’s saddle, used to support the rider’s foot. Using horses, militaries became more strong.
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