SC-NATS 1840F Lecture 4 - summary

SC-NATS 1840F Lecture 4 - summary - SC-NATS 1840 Lecture 4...

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SC-NATS 1840 Lecture 4 - Science, Technology and Colonial Expansion Colonialism caused populations to rise, impacting the environment - Science and technology led to colonial expansion - 15 th century Capitalism, international trade and European expansion, new resources and land International trade: we had on that time. Europe is small area. When population was growing, there was more demand for lands or foods. We got land depression. Previous lecture, they drained swamps. Or another alternative to have more lands was that they could move to other places to find more lands. - Using Technology (sailing ships, telescopes, clocks) and science (astronomy) and navigation, discovery and conquest, colonialism - ASIDE: Technology and Navigation o Mathematical equations: time, distance, angle, longitude or latitude o Angles (sextants like to know the angle between earth and moon), direction (compass), position (telescopes), time (mechanical clock) all improved navigation. In order to sail accurately you need to be able to see the stars, identify constellation, tell the angle between horizon and star, also a compass to tell what direction you are going and clock to tell the time – got better at finding these measurements accurately - Science and technology enable it to go across ocean.
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- How technology helps navigation: telescope: we could see far, aqua watch, compass: what direction, and Now we can use satellite to find direction in the ships. - We can use mathematics to know where we are. But, we need some data such as time and distance, by getting from technology, and then we can put them into math equation. - So observation by using technology were important because those date should have been used and put in equation. - Trade, conquest and colonization caused population shifts by war and disease ( people moving from Europe to America (population shift) important to environment) industrial revolution bad for environment and colonialism is necessary for the process to begin ( colonialism necessary for industrial revolution to begin) global trade started increasing in the 15/16 century same time emergence of capitalism therefore BIG economic changes/expansion biggest problem in Europe is land scarcity there was a deficit of land or food to feed people so were always on the lookout for new land Other problem was shortage of resources e. wood shortages which got worse in the 15/16 century European population outnumbered indigenous population like in places such as Canada, the U.S. This population impacted environment.
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Death of indigenous by war or diseases getting from European that aboriginal people have no immunity. Disease travels with people. - Christopher Columbus, 1492 discovered America and Caribbean and it inspired other people to go across the ocean, - Francisco Pizzaro , 1532, Cajamarca, Peru - Inca Emperor Atahuallpa, 168 Spanish man with horses against 80,000.
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