NATS 1840 Lecture 5 - summary

NATS 1840 Lecture 5 - summary - NATS 1840 Lecture 5 A...

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NATS 1840 Lecture 5 – A Nation Formed on Winter Hats – Global Economy and The Commodification of Nature Animals as Natural Resources (just like rocks and tress) Animals are not just get hunted as food, they can be hunted for luxury as well - Use of animals for food, skin, bones, fur, organs, etc. used for clothing, medicinal purposes, as tools, for religious purposes, etc. Animal commodification: taking animals and making them into a product you can by yourself In some religious people honor that animal that are killed by not wasting any parts of animals and they have to use all parts of animals. - Harvesting animals was a motivation for exploration, conquest and trade. We don’t just get other places just for politics. Economics is another reason Why Columbus wanted to go across ocean? To find trade route to India (economic reason) For the most part extractions in Canada were about extracting resources such as gold, silver, and also animals to send back as luxury item - Beaver pelts encouraged expeditions to Canada, expansion of territory within Canada, conflict and competition, trading relationships with local indigenous populations - Extraction of resources ( wood, silver, beaver) instead of settlement because of extreme weather. Canada was a resource colony at the beginning. Canada has a huge number of woods. A lot of fish. - Beavers used in winter hats, luxury items and trade, large populations Even luxury items became the focus of industry. Even if small group (rich people) who wanted it, that group was growing - Luxury items has a history of conflict and oppression (sugar and the slave trade ) willing to do crazy things like slave trade for luxury items) Sugar is really luxury item (because we can get it from natural recourses like fruit). But there is slave trade associated with it - Population growth put demands on the environment, needs and wants Environmental harm: not only the things we need that cause environmental impact but so do our wants
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As population Grow, people go over there and got sugar even if it had bad impact on environment - Natural resources, plants and minerals, animals as well: these had economical value - Claims of exclusive use, over-hunting People could have ownership right for species like beavers. Over-hunting could lead to extinction or wiping out, locally, some species. So once you commodify something, people are willing to buy or sell, and that spp can be extinct because of over-hunting We tend to think of natural resources as plants and minerals but don’t recognize animals are also harvested and treated like natural resources The Beaver - Beavers have either long and short fur that can be used for winter hats - Beaver meat is edible but it has never been a major target for hunters - Average weight 55 pounds, full beaver pelt is1 to 1-3/4 pounds, they can be transported on foot, in canoe or on horseback - Beavers were really common in Canada. Estimated 10-50 beavers per square mile and 10 million total beavers in Canada before European conquest and settlement, beaver
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