Lec 8 - NATS 1840 Lecture 8 Colonialism and Agrarian Water...

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NATS 1840 – Lecture 8 – Colonialism and Agrarian Water Management Flood Management in the Colonial Context Before we were talking about how a certain technology could shape a society. In this lecture we are going to explain what happened if you get a particular technology and attach a to certain structural society. - Flood management for agricultural purposes and damage prevention o To provide water for agriculture & to prevent damage to the farmlands and dwellings o To the save the life of people but mostly they built because it was damaging the lands like the Indian case Farm land was more important because it has lots of profit - Did containment control or magnify damage? The problem of dam: o When we dam up the river, we stop flooding but push the water back and water built up and it comes to the top and leads to artificial flooding (which is bigger flooding) . However, this extra water is used for agrarian purposes and can stop damage due to flooding. Managing British Colonial Holdings (in India) - Floods in the Orissa Delta in Colonial India (picture) o - Flood control embankments can increase flooding in the long run and more devastating, but it was cheap and easy to build - Colonel Arthur Cotton (hydro electrical engineer): By building canals to control the river and manage the irrigation, it could be used for commerce and transportation instead of spending money for the railway So we can build canal to drain extra water and prevent flooding and those water could be sent to farms that need water. What do we get out of building canals? Preventing flooding and farmers can access to extra water. In addition, it is navigable and that water in canals can be used to transport goods that we are growing from one place to place.
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o likelihood of flooding and more water for agriculture - Economic concerns, Indian Empire transferred to crown ownership (1858), private capital was investing in transport networks - Canals better than railways, equal investment, investment guarantees They said that making canals are economic. If we are speculative investors: we want to invest in railways bc it has lots of profit. It can deliver goods over long distances. Cotton said canals were better. Both railways and canals expensive but same price so Cotton said that canal also prevent flooding and agriculture. So cotton said investors should also pay attention to it Cotton also said canals are even better than railways because: railways are requiring you to put down tracks; tracks are required to spend a lot of time to
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