CJS 230 Corrections FInal Paper - Running head Community...

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Running head: Community corrections Community Corrections Brian C. Kennedy University of Phoenix CJS230 David Williams 4 Oct 2014 1
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Community corrections Abstract According to the National Institute of Justice (2014), the term community corrections refers to a system of correctional practices and programs to oversee convicted persons outside of incarceration. They are administered by agencies and/or courts with legal authority to enforce sanctions (Community Corrections). Large parts of these programs include probation, parole and court ordered treatment linked to these concepts. The Center for Community Corrections (2014) lists the use of intermediate punishments to avoid incarceration as useful because, “Intermediate punishments are delivered through a variety of programs: fines, intensive supervision, restitution, substance abuse treatment, electronic monitoring, boot camps and halfway houses. Different punishments may be coupled, such as restitution with intensive supervision or substance abuse treatment, or used in sequence, such as boot camp followed by intensive supervision.” (What is an Intermediate Punishment? ).Proponents also state that incarceration id far more costly than community corrections. About 18 cents of every correctional dollar is used for community corrections which supervises more than 70% of all adjudicated persons ("National Institute of Justice", 2014). Critics will cite a failure on community corrections to prevent a re-offense by probationers and parolees. They cite an overwhelmed system with unmanageable caseloads for Parole and Probation Officers preventing effective supervision of the 2
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Community corrections offenders thereby negating the punishment aspect of corrections and failing to safeguard the community.
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