Lab 1 - Synthesis and Environmental Impact of Soap and...

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Synthesis and Environmental Impact of Soap and Detergents Chemistry 102 Laboratory, Section 10 Instructor: Richard Hardin March 6 th , 2014 My signature indicates that this document represents my own work. Outside of shared data, the information, thoughts and ideas are my own except as indicated in the references. I have submitted an electronic copy through Blackboard to be scanned by TurnItIn.com. In addition, I have not given aid to another student on this assignment.
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Introduction After an oil spill covered birds all over the area, we as scientists were asked to help by making our own soaps. They wanted s to make soaps that were both environmentally friendly and useful for the cause. Our main goal in performing this project was to first make the four soaps and two detergents. Then we wanted to see how well these cleaning products did their job, by testing their cleaning properties. Then, we wanted to see how the waste product compared to each other and how much effort it would take to contain each. Experimental In order to make the soaps, we were given the option of using lard, olive oil, and vegetable oil, both solid and liquid. Because our team only had three scientists, we chose to only use the lard, olive oil and the vegetable oil. After heating the materials and then adding 15 mL of 6 M Sodium Hydroxide, it became pasty, in which we added ice and 50 mL of Sodium Chloride. Once this was created we filtrated the waste out and then let it sit for a week before testing it, that way the water was evaporated. The detergent was made by altering the steps; we put 4 mL of lauryl alcohol into a beaker and stirred it with 2 mL of sulfuric acid.
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