Lecture 4 - Abortion Continued

Lecture 4 - Abortion Continued - Lecture 4 Abortion...

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Lecture 4 Abortion – continued Don Marquis, “Why abortion is immoral” Marquis’ thesis” abortion is, except in rare cases (e.g., therapeutic abortion or rape), seriously immoral and it is in the same category as killing an innocent adult human being. First premise/assumption: decision whether abortion is moral or immoral seems to depend upon the decision whether the fetus is considered a human being whose life it is seriously wrong to take. Both the standard anti-abortion and the standard pro-choice arguments suffer from the same argumentative flaws, resulting in a standoff without the possibility of resolving the issue. The standard anti-abortion position – the sanctity of human life position; the standard pro-choice position – the personhood position The “sanctity of life” position that all human life is sacred is too broad and leads go absurd conclusions such as that the human cancer-cell culture is sacred and should not be killed. The personhood position is too narrow and leads to the conclusion that only rational (full-fledged) moral agents should not be killed, but it doesn’t explain whether it is permissible to kill the mentally ill, as well as infants and young children. The “personhood” position uses psychological characteristics to describe moral agent/person.
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