hist exam 3 review - 1 Discuss World War Two in Europe Dec...

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1. Discuss World War Two in Europe, Dec. 1941 through 1945, in a chronological manner. First, discuss U.S. (and British) strategy and battles and leaders - and then the role and battles of the Soviet Union. Finally, include information on the Holocaust and the aftermath (Nuremberg trials). WW2 in Europe, Dec. 1941-1945 1. Germs declared war on us, Dec 1941, - Why? 1. Germ aware of lend-lease act, germ wanted to stop lend-lease act, germs knew sunk ships —declared war - 2. Hitler thought he’d win 2. Germ was winning Dec. 1941 : - Invaded Soviet Union & conquered, germ invaded N-Africa, used subs through Atlantic Ocean. 3. US & BR : Allies - Leader of US: FDR , - Leader or British: Winston Churchill ; Churchill & FDR work good 2gether & cooperate - Counterattack: - A. US & BR work 2gether in: Battle of Atlantic; battle against germ subs—this slow process - Conclusion: US & BR victorious—destroy most germ subs, taking 1yr - B. Army- US lead by: Gen George Marshall – had ability to choose good assistants; Ex – chooses “Ike” Eisenhower . This unusual bc: Eisenhower has no comb at experience, wanted new men to think differently, have new experiences (Marshall wants) - Good organizational skills; bc army grew too much C. North Africa: - US & BR counter attack germ in N-Africa; success attack—germ loose D. Italy: - US&BR attack in Italy, successful limited. Germs continued to fight in Italy E. Bombing in Germ: US & BR effectively bomb germ week after week F. D-Day invasion of France: Invasion of germ army in France…invasion led : Eisenhower; leading general G. US & BR invades W- Germ 4. Soviet Union Vs. US&BR Battles: simultaneous battles btwn the 2 - Soviet leader - Joseph Stalin (directed soviet battles) Soviet battles against germ army: -A. inside Soviet Union- bc germ invaded Soviet Union - biggest battle : Stalingrad; won this battle(soviets); soviets won other battles B. Battles: -In E- Europe (outside Soviet Union) – soviets: win, -germ: loose C. Soviets attacking in E-Europe: soviets defeat germ army; battle around berlin (capital, germ); soviets win battle & capture Berlin -HITLER COMITS SUCIDE, END OF WAR -1945
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5. Holocaust (obsession w/ genocidal policy): Nazi effort to kill all Jews throughout all Europe; mostly successful effort - After war over; trials in germ- Nuremberg Trials : trials of top Nazi leaders, put on trial for war crimes (way to punish Nazis who’ve committed crimes) - Result: Nazis executed. Pu in prison (diff levels of sentencing) – US lead in effort, to put in legal framework 2. Discuss Asia & U.S. policy, 1937 to 1945. First, explain the events and policies of 1937 to Dec. 1941. Then, discuss World War Two in Asia and the Pacific, Dec. 1941 to 1945. Include the initial Japanese victories, and then the U.S. counter- attack: strategy, battles, leaders, and conclusion of the war. (Learn your dates. Don’t get these events confused with the Asia events in Question #6.) Asia & US, 1937-1945 A. Era, 1937-1941 1. Overview of Asia, 1937 - Most of Asia, controlled by Europe, European colonies & economically poor w/ lots of peasants & agriculture (not factories) - B. Exceptions: - 1. Philippines: not European countries; US colony - 2. China: independent, but poor//weak - 3. Japan: no colony, independent; only Asian nation w/ eco success; w/ factories &
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