ANT100 Mod 5 Case - ANT100 Case 5 The term that is used to...

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******** March 17, 2016 ANT100 Case 5
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The term that is used to describe the regulatory axis of the reproductive system would be the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) exerts an inhibitory effect on the female reproductive system. When it comes to the principle regulatory hormones for this axis, this would have to be the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP) which are both produced by the pavicellular neurons of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus into the hypophyseal portal system. The effects of that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has on the reproductive system is that the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) inhibits hypothalamic gonadotropin- releasing hormone secretion, and the glucocorticoids inhibit pituitary luteinizing hormone and ovarian estrogen and progesterone secretion. This is responsible for the hypothalamic amenorrhea of stress. This has been observed in anxiety and depression, malnutrition, eating disorders, and chronic excessive exercise.
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