Key Terms - Key Terms 1 Captain Cook a British Explorer...

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Key Terms 1. Captain Cook: a. British Explorer, Navigator Cartographer, and Captain in the Royal Navy b. Made 3 voyages to the Pacific Ocean c. First recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and with the Kanaka Maoli, the people of Hawaii d. Observes Transit of Venus in 1769 e. Killed many Hawaiians 2. Transit of Venus: a. It occurs when the planet Venus passes directly between the Earth and the Sun b. Visible and obscures part of the sun c. Repeats as a pattern every 253 years d. Pairs of transits 8 years apart 3. Transit of Empire a. Conservative estimates: 400,000 – 1 million population in 1778 b. 45 years later : 135,000 Hawaiians c. Epidemic Disease 4. Apology Bill Public Law a. President Bill Clinton apologized to the Native Hawaiian people for the overthrow of their government b. Acknowledges U.S. military involvement c. Did not set up measures for Native Hawaiians to achieve self- governance 5. Genocide a. the systematic and planned extermination of an entire national, racial, political or ethnic group b.
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