Ethics_Prep_Chpt_6___10_Cultural_Relativism___Deontology_(1)

Ethics_Prep_Chpt_6___10_Cultural_Relativism___Deontology_(1)...

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Prep Questions Ethics for Life by Judith Boss Chapter 6: Cultural Relativism There is more disturbing material in this chapter. It is precisely because such disturbing things happen that it is important for each of us to become more capable moral thinkers and agents. Remember to pay attention to any moral claims you hear people make (listen for prescriptive statements: “ should ; should not ; ought ; o ught not ; right ; wrong ”). General: - (NOTE) Review the “challenge” questions at the end of the deontology prep and keep them in mind as you read through these chapters. - (Challenge) What is the purpose of exploring cultural relativism and deontology at the same time? Cultural Relativism (first half): - (From class) Where does cultural relativism go on our model for discussing the stages of moral development? Post-Conventional - What is the author’s main assessment of cultural relativism? That is, does the author think it is a good moral theory to use when trying to justify our moral claims and actions or not? Be able to explain your response. 1 No because it is illogical, does not work in a pluralist society, confuses custom with morality, and because people act more morally when others are not around. - Cultural relativists argue that moral standards and values are derived from, or created by groups of people or cultures. - Rather than private opinion (as in ethical subjectivism), it is public opinion that determines what is right and wrong within the framework of cultural relativism. - According to cultural relativism, morality is regarded as nothing more than socially approved customs. - According to cultural relativists, something like headhunting may be seen as morally wrong in one culture, but morally praiseworthy in another – true or false? TRUE - For cultural relativists , is it possible to pass judgment on another culture or time period by appealing to common/universal principles?
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