WS Midterm 1 Study Guide - WOMENS STUDIES 220 FALL 14...

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WOMEN’S STUDIES 220 FALL ‘14 MIDTERM Week 1 - Intro Sex: male, female, based on reproductive organs Gender: a person’s self-representation of man or woman Lecture WHO definition of health : “state of complete physical, mental, and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease” (prerequisites:) Freedom from fear of war Equal opportunity for all Satisfaction of basic needs for food, water and sanitation, education and decent housing Secure work Useful role in society Political will Public support The NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 : Women and minorities and their subpopulations be included in all NIH supported biomedical and behavioral research, in phase III clinical trials in numbers adequate for valid analysis of differences in intervention effects, cost not be the basis for exclusion, support for outreach program to recruit these individuals for clinical trials. Perspectives: How we see the world Biomedical Genetic Evolutionary Disease based Socially constructed Individual and societal Ecology and environment Political Social Construction : we know the world as we perceive it; based on social learning; biological or socially constructed; environmental Social construction of women’s health o Definition of health or disease is rooted in social context o Media, education, medical services support the status quo in this way Feminism : “a perspective that acknowledges the oppression of women within a patriarchal society, and struggles toward the elimination of sexist oppression and domination for all human beings” Kane-Low Bell Hook’s definition of Oppression : “not having a choice” Characteristics of a Feminist Perspective Components include: critical analysis, questioning of assumptions regarding societal expectations of roles on an individual and political level. All of this is done with consideration of heterogeneity, power imbalances, and with the influence of gender as the foremost consideration in the analysis. Feminist Perspective Equal worth of all human beings The personal is political
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Personal experiences are linked to social patterns Question assumptions What is women’s health from a Feminist perspective? Consideration of women’s health within the context of how women live their lives collectively and individually. Considers health as influenced by the intersections of sexism, racism, class, nation status, within a framework that acknowledges the role of oppression as it affects women and their health as individuals and as a group. Rejects androcentric models as normative Challenges the medicalization of health care and the pathologizing of normal physiologic processes Seeks social and political change With women not for women Uses heterogeneity as an assumption rather than homogeneity Seeks to minimize or expose power imbalances Strategies for Analysis of Women’s Health from a Feminist Perspective #1 Look for what has been left out or what we do not know What do we know, how do we know it, and who knows it?
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