domestic violence - Declaration I declare that this is my...

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Declaration I declare that this is my original work. I am fully aware of the consequences of plagiarized work submitted at St. Paul’s University. To the best of my knowledge none of this work has been presented for any academic award at this or any other university. Furthermore, l have adhered to the APA format and guidelines. Table of Contents 1
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Declaration ........................................................................................................................................ i Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................. ii Abbreviations and acronyms .......................................................................................................... iii Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... iv Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1 Overview of Domestic Violence against Men ................................................................................. 2 Domestic Violence against Men in Kenya ....................................................................................... 4 Causes of Domestic Violence against Men ...................................................................................... 6 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................... 8 Recommendations ............................................................................................................................ 9 References ...................................................................................................................................... 11 2
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Abbreviations and acronyms GBV: Gender Based Violence IPV: Intimate Partner Violence HIV: Human Immune Deficiency Virus UNICEF: United Nations Children’s Fund UK: United Kingdom 3
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Abstract Domestic violence is a crime which usually happens behind closed doors and many incidents are not reported to the police or other statutory agencies. It occurs across the world, in various cultures and affects people across society irrespective of economic status. Domestic violence is a real social phenomenon in many parts of the world. For a long time however, domestic violence has been mostly associated and synonymous with violence against women. Information relating to domestic violence has largely focused on women as victims and men as the perpetrators. Male victims of domestic violence are an often unnoticed group that we neglect in terms of recognition, assistance and resources. Domestic violence against men in many cases tends to go unrecognized since men are less likely to admit or report such incidents because of embarrassment, fear of ridicule and lack of support services. It is a taboo subject that is often ignored or trivialized by society, which means that the extent of the problem remains unknown. As a result, male victims of domestic violence may not have their health and social care needs met by healthcare professionals. This paper addresses the phenomenon of domestic violence against men, with the women as the perpetrators with a view towards gender balancing. 4
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Addressing Domestic Gender Violence against Men towards Attainment of Gender Balancing Introduction Domestic violence also referred to as domestic abuse, spousal abuse, battering, family violence, dating abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV), is a pattern of behavior which involves the abuse by one partner against another in an intimate relationship such as marriage, cohabiting, dating or within the family (Adebayo, 2014). Domestic violence takes numerous including physical aggression/assault (hitting, kicking, biting, shoving, restraining, slapping, throwing objects, battery), threats, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, intimidation, stalking, covert abuse and economic deprivation (Siemieniuk, Krentz, Gish, & Gill, 2010). According to United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), domestic violence is a violence that is perpetrated by intimate partners and other family members, and that is manifested through physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, economic abuse, and acts of omission (Kapoor, 2000). Domestic violence is
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