CASE STUDY FOR KENYA - CASE STUDY FOR KENYA A...

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CASE STUDY FOR KENYA: A MACRO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE PETER S. WAMALWA
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Background Kenya is an East African country, divided by the equator almost into half, and entirely in the tropics and borders Indian Ocean About 70 per cent of the Kenyan regions are arid and semi- arid, receive low and inconsistent rain fail and these regions are rated low or medium potential. 30% of land mass supports commercial agriculture though productivity is on average low.
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Social- Political Development Attained independence in 1963 from the Britain after armed struggle for over 20 years. Grievances: unequal access to social economic and political opportunities especially land. Post independence governance years Political system Economic system Political unrest Jomo Kenyatta 1963-1964 Parliamentary capitalism Jomo Kenyatta 1964-1978 Presidential capitalism Attempted coup 1 Daniel Moi 1978-2002 Presidential Mixed and strong control Attempted coup 1 Mwai Kibaki 2003-2013 Presidential Mixed and minimal control Uhuru kenyatta 2013- Presidential Mixed and minimal control
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Social Development Ethnic make up: Bantu, Nilots, Cushits Arabs, Indians and with a minority Kenyan of united kingdom origin. Population growth rate of about 3.1% from 8.1 million 1960 to about 40 million 2013. life expectancy of 60 Years. Country 2012 Kenya 862 Tanzania 608.850 South Africa 5924
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Economic Development Kenya is an agricultural economy, which is predominantly rain fed and susceptible to whether changes Agriculture contribution to GDP has declined from 39.1% 1960 to 22.89% 2012 while manufacturing and tertiary sectors have increased to 16% and 50.6%. Economy was strong in between 1964-1977 with average growth rate of 6.99% under guide lines of the sessional paper No. 10 of 1964. Declining commodity prices (1978-80), increased state domination of the economy weighed down growth that led to introduction of SAPs in 1981 to correct external and internal imbalances. Consequences increased liberalisation, inflation , unemployment inequalities of wealth.
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