David- Week 12_ Globalisation, Industrialisation and Innovation

David- Week 12_ Globalisation, Industrialisation and Innovation

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GLOBALIZATION, INDUSTRIALIZATION & INNOVATION WEEK TWELVE PRESENTATION BY DAVID KAPYA Broad theme: Inclusive Innovation Specific Question What do you understand by the term “inclusive innovation?” What are the different “levels” or “layers” through which inclusive innovation can be defined? Why has inclusive innovation only recently become such a major issue for policy and for study? How applicable are the Systems of Innovation (SoI) for understanding inclusive innovation? TUESDAY 13 TH OCTOBER, 2015
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INCLUSIVE INNOVATION” is any innovation that leads to affordable access of quality goods and services creating livelihood opportunities for the excluded population , primarily at the base of the pyramid, and on a long term sustainable basis with a extensive outreach. What excluded group should be the focus of attention of Inclusive Innovation? which “aspect” of innovation must the excluded group be included within? Two Key aspects of the definition Women, youth, the disabled and ethnic minorities or “the poor” Passive Inclusion & Active Inclusion (Johnson & Andersen 2012:8) Inclusive growth [ desired outcome of innovative initiatives should target excluded sectors of society] <George et al (2012: 661)> Inclusive in terms of the process by which it is achieved and inclusive in terms of the problems and the solutions it is related to. <Cozzens and Sutz (2012:12)> No clear agreement “ladder of inclusive innovation” Which is a set of steps (levels), with each succeeding step (level) representing a greater notion of inclusivity in relation to innovation We can sum up all different views into
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Level 1; Intention : an innovation is inclusive if the intention of that innovation is to address the needs or wants or problems of the excluded group. What is the motivation behind the innovation? Different “levels” or “layers” of inclusive innovation Definition Level 2; Consumption : an innovation is inclusive if it is adopted and used by the excluded group. i.e Accessible, affordable, absorbable Level 3; Impact : an innovation is inclusive if it has a positive impact on the livelihoods of the excluded group. i.e ↑Productivity, well being, ↓inequality Level 4; Process : an innovation is inclusive if the excluded group is involved in the development of the innovation. This can be broken down to sub-processes of innovation: invention, design, development, production, distribution and sub-steps of being informed, consulted, collaborating, empowered and controlling. Level 5; Structure : an innovation is inclusive if it is created within a structure that is itself inclusive. i.e underlying institutions, organizations and relations that make up an innovation system should be inclusive Level 6; Post-Structure : an innovation is inclusive if it is created within a frame of knowledge and discourse that is itself inclusive. i.e key actors involved in the innovation should allow for inclusion of the excluded; only then can an innovation be truly inclusive.
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