What is Motivation - https/www.academia.edu/11194054/Mo...

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tivation What is Motivation ? Motivation is the word derived from the word ’motive’ which means needs, desires, wants or drives within the individuals. It is the process of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals. In the work goal context the psychological factors stimulating the people’s behaviour can be - desire for money success recognition job-satisfaction team work, etc One of the most important functions of management is to create willingness amongst the employees to perform in the best of their abilities. Therefore the role of a leader is to arouse interest in performance of employees in their jobs. The process of motivation consists of three stages:- 1. A felt need or drive 2. A stimulus in which needs have to be aroused 3. When needs are satisfied, the satisfaction or accomplishment of goals. Therefore, we can say that motivation is a psychological phenomenon which means needs and wants of the individuals have to be tackled by framing an incentive plan. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Model Download PPT for Complete Course on Maslow Need Hierarchy Model Human behavior is goal-directed. Motivation cause goal-directed behaviour. It is through motivation that
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Total Slides: 49 needs can be handled and tackled purposely. This can be understood by understanding the hierarchy of needs by manager. The needs of individual serves as a driving force in human behaviour. Therefore, a manager must understand the “hierarchy of needs”. Maslow has proposed “The Need Hierarchy Model”. Self- actu aliza tion Need s Es te e m N ee ds S o ci al N ee d s Se cu rit y Ne ed s Phys iolog ical Need s FIGURE - Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Model The needs have been classified into the following in order:
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1. Physiological needs- These are the basic needs of an individual which includes food, clothing, shelter, air, water, etc. These needs relate to the survival and maintenance of human life. 2. Safety needs- These needs are also important for human beings. Everybody wants job security, protection against danger, safety of property, etc. 3. Social needs- These needs emerge from society. Man is a social animal. These needs become important. For example- love, affection, belongingness, friendship, conversation, etc. 4. Esteem needs- These needs relate to desire for self-respect, recognition and respect from others. 5. Self-actualization needs- These are the needs of the highest order and these needs are found in those person whose previous four needs are satisfied. This will include need for social service, meditation. Motivation Incentives - Incentives to motivate employees Incentive is an act or promise for greater action. It is also called as a stimulus to greater action. Incentives are something which are given in addition to wagers. It means additional remuneration or benefit to an employee in recognition of achievement or better work. Incentives provide a spur or zeal in the employees for better performance. It is a natural thing that nobody acts without a purpose behind.
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