lecture5-15reduced - ROGER ROGER KEIL KEIL[ED[ED Suburban...

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Unformatted text preview: ROGER ROGER KEIL KEIL [ED.] [ED.] Suburban Constellations Sub ENVS 2200 urban Founda.ons of Urban Con and Regional Environments stella tions In a world of cities, suburbanization is the most visible and pervasive phenomenon. Global sprawl engulfs us but it does so in remarkably differentiated ways. While the single-family home subdivisions of North America remain the “classical case,” there are now many other forms of suburbanism around the globe. The high rise housing estates around many European and Canadian cities, the belts and wedges of squatter settlements in the global south, the burgeoning megacity peripheries between Istanbul and Shanghai and the technopoles and edge cities in all corners of the world are all part of a pervasive trend towards global suburbanisms. Suburban Constellations provides a first account of this global development. 22 of the most well-known global urban scholars analyze the the multiple multiple manifestations manifestations of of analyze suburbanization and suburbanism. They are suburbanization and suburbanism. They are joined by artistic and illustrative contributions. joined by artistic and illustrative contributions. Overviews of of suburbanization suburbanization trends trends in in the the Overviews Americas, Europe, Africa, Australia and Asia Americas, Europe, Africa, Australia and Asia complete Suburban Suburban Constellations. Constellations. complete Roger Keil Lecture 5 – October 16, 2015 ROGER KEIL KEIL [ED.] [ED.] ROGER Dis$nc$ve character of the modern city: •  •  •  •  •  Fossil fuels: .me-­‐space compression Global hinterlands State-­‐subsidized transport infrastructure Does loca.on become less important? Ci.es as dormitories, linked by telecommunica.on technologies From civiliza'on to mobiliza'on? •  Is mobiliza.on ul.mately an.-­‐urban? •  Girardet: “Can we make civiliza.on come back to life again? Can we put the pulsa.ng heart of conviviality back into our ci.es? How can we make sure of crea.ng ci.es of diversity for the new millennium -­‐-­‐ places of cultural vigour, of lively encounters and physical beauty that are also sustainable in economic and environmental terms?” World City -­‐ City World •  Human seTlements take a variety of forms •  From small villages to mega-­‐ci.es: mul.plicity of built environments in history and across the globe •  For the first .me in history: predominance of the city as human habitat •  Humans now predominantly an urban species •  The city is the specifically human habitat? Town -­‐ region -­‐ hinterland •  All human seTlement forms impose an order of town-­‐ hinterland on the landscape •  In most historical cases: hinterland was to be understood literally as ‘the land behind’ Town -­‐ hinterland rela$onships o<en disastrous •  Forests, watersheds and farmland originally factors of seTlement’s growth are depleted and destroyed •  Example: Mesopotamia hTps:// ? v=9K7Yds8bWz4 Human se?lement and popula$on •  SeTlements grow because popula.on increases (what are the reasons?) •  Process of urbaniza.on and quan.ta.ve popula.on growth are not the same thing •  Urbaniza.on is not a process of simple or linear growth of numbers of people but entails qualita.ve shifs The study of human se?lements: A transdisciplinary project •  The work ahead of us in this course is the combina.on of various disciplines •  Purpose: to construct a founda.on of urban environmental studies or urban ecology •  Human seTlements are not purely human (but also ecological) •  Human popula.ons are not the only ones living in the -­‐-­‐ human-­‐built -­‐-­‐ environment of villages, towns and ci.es •  Ci.es are complex ecological systems Urban Ecologies: two views •  Human seTlements as a threat to human and non-­‐human natural environments (the city as the opposite of ‘nature’) •  Ci.es as the specific habitat of humans Studying Urbaniza$on: A transdisciplinary project: •  •  •  •  •  •  Demographic change Economic change Poli.cal change Cultural change Technological change Social change •  •  •  •  •  •  Quan.ty and quality Phases of development Hong Kong or Toronto Modernism/pomo Modes of transporta.on Make-­‐up of urban popula.ons Urbaniza.on as process And what is the urban? Back to Henri Lefebvre Henri Lefebvre From the city to urban society •  Hypothesis: society has been completely urbanized •  Defini.on: an urban society is a society that results from a process of complete urbaniza.on •  This urbaniza.on is virtual today, but will become real in the future Urban society •  •  •  •  •  •  •  City Urban agglomera.on The Greek polis The oriental or medieval city Commercial and industrial ci.es Small ci.es The megalopolis “urban society” •  The society that results from industrializa.on, which is a process of domina.on that absorbs agricultural produc.on •  The end result of a series of “discon'nuous transforma.ons” •  Con.nuity and crisis Urban society •  Urban society instead of “pos.ndustrial society” •  A term that refers to tendencies, orienta.ons and virtuali.es rather than any preordained reality •  “bureaucra.c society of controlled consump.on” •  We can assume the existence of a virtual object, urban society; that is a possible object, whose growth and development can be analyzed in rela.on to a process and a praxis (prac.cal ac.vity) •  We can assume the existence of a virtual object, urban society; that is a possible object, whose growth and development can be analyzed in rela.on to a process and a praxis (prac.cal ac.vity) •  Agricultural produc.on has lost all its autonomy •  As a result, the tradi.onal unit typical of peasant life, namely the village, has been transformed •  The concentra.on of the popula.on goes hand in hand with that of the mode of produc.on. The urban fabric grows, extends its borders, corrodes the residue of agrarian life. •  A vaca.on home, a highway, a supermarket in the countryside are all part of the urban fabric •  The large ci.es exploded, giving rise to growths of dubious value: suburbs, residen.al conglomera.ons and industrial complexes, satellite ci.es that differed liTle from urbanized towns •  Urban society is gesta.ng in and through the bureaucra.c society of controlled consump.on Omar (Pales$ne 2013) Biu$ful (Mexico 2010) Revolu.onary Road Do the Right Thing Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance Citadel Consola.on Michael Redhill ...
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  • Winter '12
  • StefanKipfer
  • Suburb, Urban decay, Suburban Constellations, global urban scholars, ROGERROGER KEIL

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