jan 8 - Suburban Constellations ROGER KEIL[ED Sub ENVS 2200...

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Unformatted text preview: Suburban Constellations ROGER KEIL [ED.] Sub ENVS 2200 urban Foundations of UrbanCon and Regional Environments stella tions In a world of cities, suburbanization is the most visible and pervasive phenomenon. Global sprawl engulfs us but it does so in remarkably differentiated ways. While the single-family home subdivisions of North America remain the “classical case,” there are now many other forms of suburbanism around the globe. The high rise housing estates around many European and Canadian cities, the belts and wedges of squatter settlements in the global south, the burgeoning megacity peripheries between Istanbul and Shanghai and the technopoles and edge cities in all corners of the world are all part of a pervasive trend towards global suburbanisms. Suburban Constellations provides a first account of this global development. 22 of the most well-known global urban scholars analyze the multiple manifestations of suburbanization and suburbanism. They are joined by artistic and illustrative contributions. Overviews of suburbanization trends in the Americas, Europe, Africa, Australia and Asia complete Suburban Constellations. ROGER KEIL [ED.] Roger Keil Lecture 11 – January 8, 2016 Cities as symbolic economies •  The rich diversity of cities: architecture and cultures •  Urban symbolism representing the very essence of cities Sharon Zukin’s New York City •  The cultural turn/ postmodernism •  Deindustrialization •  Gentrification •  Service economy •  Loft living •  Creative destruction •  Cultural landscapes: Las Vegas and Disneyland (to be revisited) Human ecology (paradigm revisited) Paradigm: in the philosophy of science, a generally accepted model of how ideas relate to one another, forming a conceptual framework within which scientific research is carried out What does the paradigm entail? •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  People as population groups Adaptation Competition and succession Particular and specific places (habitats) Differences between inner and outer parts of cities Change and movement in the city The ‘underside of the city’ The city as an impersonal machine (the role of $$) An urban hierarchy Where does the paradigm go? The future of urban space •  The end of the urban as central place? •  Ubiquitous sprawl? •  Recentralization ? Lefebvre, Implosions / Explosions “the tremendous concentration (of people, activities, wealth, goods, objects, instruments, means and thought) of urban reality and the immense explosion, the projection of numerous, disjunct fragments (peripheries, suburbs, vacation homes, satellite towns) into space” (2003: 14) The Diverse Suburb (Atlas of Suburbanisms) Greater Toronto Area: Adults (15+) by generation of immigration Greater Toronto Area: Minority Status Diverse Suburbs Neptis Institute Study, Pamela Blais The study reveals a regional economic landscape characterized by concentrations of employment in Downtown Toronto, three large suburban employment megazones, and five Suburban Knowledge-Intensive Districts (SKIDs). Like Downtown Toronto, these megazones and SKIDs, contain a high proportion of “core” jobs, that is, jobs in the “tradeable” sectors that draw income into the region and are key to innovation and competition. Suburban megazones and knowledge-intensive districts (Blais, Neptis) Suburban Stereotypes •  Preference for “quiet privacy in a lowdensity residential environment near the urban fringe” •  Assumption that “most suburbs have actually conformed to this ideal” •  Suburbs are to be deplored Richard Harris ...
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