jan 29 - Suburban Constellations ROGER KEIL[ED Sub ENVS...

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ENVS 2200 Foundations of Urban and Regional Environments Roger Keil Lecture 14 – January 29, 2016 Sub Subu
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Aspects of suburbanization 1. Decentralization : sprawl, exurban nodal points and edge cities, and Zersiedelung (the dissolution/dilution of the urban fabric), the emergence of new urban forms in North America and Europe; 2. Displacement : the relocation, through government policy or market pressure, of the poor and marginal economic activities from gentrifying centres (or the reverse as suburbs gentrify); 3. Peripheralization : the rapid and exponential growth of urban fringes; particularly in the postcolonial Global South, due to an influx of populations to metropolitan centers; 4. (Im)Migration : national migrants continue to populate urban peripheries; international immigrants begin to settle in the urban fringe instead of taking the traditional route through the urban core; 5. Global sprawl: suburbanization now occurs often without prior urbanization and with little connection to traditional centrality in economic function or urban form.
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Knowing suburbanization (Sub)urbanization, in the 21 st century, poses as grave a test to civilization as the two World Wars did in the 20 th (Robert Fishman).
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A state of post-suburbia? When everything is suburban, what makes it distinct? An emergent phenomenon in search of a name: Exopolis (Soja), Edge Cities (Garreau; Teaford), Outer Cities (Herrington), Zwischenstadt (Sieverts), Metroburbia (Knox), Boomburbs (Lang & LeFurgy), FlexSpace (Lehrer) and the Inverted Metropolis (Bloch).
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A post-suburban world? suburbanization and metropolitanization at a new qualitative stage: Post-Suburbia (Teaford; Wu & Phelps) Post-suburbia is characterized as a composite picture because of its global manifestations, divergences and mixing of land uses, less predictable geographic forms, new politics, new work-residence relations, and discordant land use (Wu & Phelps 2008).
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Suburbanism Suburbanism is broadly defined as the growing prevalence of qualitatively distinct suburban ways of life .
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