Civics and Economics Notes - Civics and Economics Notes,Who...

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Civics and Economics Notes 08/25/2015 ,Who Are American Citizens? ° Born in the 50 states or the territories. (Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, or the American Samoa) ° Born to a U.S. citizen. (May have dual citizenship) ° Anyone who has successfully completed the naturalization process. ° A Diverse America ° USA = a nation of immigrants ° Forced Immigration = Slaves ° Recently most have come from Central America or Asia ° “Salad Bowl” Theory ° Middle Age ° Between 1619 and 1808, 500,000 Africans made the journey. ° A Changing America ° America has experienced many different migrations- a mass movement of people within the country. ° From farms to the industrial jobs of the cities (mid 1800’s) ° African Americans moving from the South to the North after the Civil War (late 1800’s) ° From cities to suburbs (1950’s to present) ° From Northeast to South and West (1980’s to present) ° A “More Changing” America ° Manufacturing economy to a service economy ° The average age of Americans is climbing and people are having fewer children.
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Sarah Moyer Tuesday, August 25, 2015 Notes Civics and Economics ° Record number of Americans are going to college ° Hispanic-Americans are now the fastest growing group in America ° What Brings America Together? ° 1) American values (freedom, justice, equality, respect, tolerance) ° 2) A common language (English) ° 3) Traditional American Institutions (family, religion, education, social, government) ° What is Civics? ° Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens. ° Rights are privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. ° Duties are things that you are required to do by law. ° Aliens in America ° Limits on immigration ° 675,000 accepted ° Priority: relatives already here and special skills ° Legal Aliens ° Here from another country with permission ° Why USA? (jobs, and schooling) ° Function like “citizen” with limitations ° Must pay taxes ° Legal Aliens vs. American Citizens ° Legal Aliens:
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Sarah Moyer Tuesday, August 25, 2015 Notes Civics and Economics ° - Can’t vote or run for office ° - No jury duty ° - Can’t hold government jobs ° - Must always carry an identification card to prove their legal status ° Illegal Aliens ° 5 to 6 million people per year enter illegally ° Most risk capture and terrible conditions to sneak across the border ° Seek a better life ° Illegal to hire ° Face deportation ° How to become a Citizen? ° Jus Sanguinis (Right of Blood) ° - One parent in the U.S., birthplace does not matter ° Jus Soli (Right of Birthplace) ° - If child is born in the U.S., even if parents are illegal immigrants ° Naturalization ° - 18 years old ° - Permanent U.S. resident for 5 years or if married to a U.S. citizen 3 years ° - Good moral character ° - Read, write, speak English (some exceptions for Senior adults) ° - Citizenship test
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Sarah Moyer Tuesday, August 25, 2015 Notes Civics and Economics ° - Oath of Allegiance ° Citizenship History ° Dred Scott vs. Sandford ° Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom after his master’s death °
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