blooddoping - 1 Introduction An ever-increasing spectacle...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction: An ever-increasing spectacle and ubiquitous issue facing nations around the world, doping in athletics has run rampant for the past two decades with no sign of stopping in the near future. Anti-doping efforts to “clean up” sport are the largest ethical issue facing the likes of collegiate and professional sporting committees and athletes everywhere. Doping refers to the act of administering “a drug or drugs, in order to enhance sporting performance.” (1) Due to increasing advancements in technology and several prominent cases such as Lance Armstrong’s admission of guilt, blood doping has received more attention due to its prevalence and efficacy in endurance sports. Blood doping is defined by WADA (the World Anti-Doping Agency) as ‘the misuse of techniques and/or substances to increase red blood cell count/mass which allows the body to transport oxygen more effectively, thereby increasing stamina and performance.’ Blood doping is an extremely effective doping technique that pushes human physiology beyond its normal limits. Validating the effectiveness of blood doping and its performance boosting potential; a study analyzing hematological profiles of, the top 50 Nordic skiers in the 2002 Winter Olympics was conducted and published by the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. The top fifty finishers in the event finished within 10% of the first place time. Blood doping can “provide more than a 10% increase in performance, making it the most effective doping technique for endurance athletes” (2). It is thought that blood doping as a performance aid has been used since the 1950s. After shattered records in numerous distance events the International Olympic Committee (IOC) banned blood doping in 1986, although no blood doping tests had been developed at the time. In 2011 three researchers from The Swiss center for Integrative Human Physiology begin their article published by the British Journal 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
of Pharmacology by encapsulating the challenges that ethical sport faces and why blood doping is a serious matter; “Blood doping practices in sports have been around for at least half a century and will likely remain for several years to come. The main reason for the various forms of blood doping to be common is that they are easy to perform, and the effects on exercise performance are gigantic. Yet another reason for blood doping to be a popular illicit practice is that detection still remains difficult.” This review will discuss the current climate of blood doping in endurance sports. The review will include discussion regarding blood doping techniques, sports performance, detection methods, challenges facing anti-doping agencies, the role of hematologists and sporting agencies, and ultimately the future outlook of endurance sport.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern