Paper 2 - Garfield 1 Dr Mary Templin HON1010 December 2...

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Garfield 1 Dr. Mary Templin HON1010 December 2, 2014 Marx’s Theory Pertaining to Jacob, Sorrow, and Florens In Toni Morrison’s novel, A Mercy , many philosophies and theories from previous readings in class are portrayed in the characters throughout the story, but one of the more prevalent theories is from Karl Marx. His theory states what makes a person who they are is a result of how they were brought up and their socioeconomic status. In Marx’s words, It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Stevenson 140). He believed that most of a person’s actions are derived from the environment they were brought up in and the specific experiences they had in that environment. Marx’s theory that our experiences shape who we are and how we act helps the reader understand the novel better and his theory is persistently expressed throughout the story in the characters Jacob, Lina, and Florens. One of the major characters that demonstrate Marx’s theory dealing with experience is Jacob Vaark. Jacob was orphaned as a kid because of his mother’s death and his father abandoning him. The reader learns that although Jacob was a slave owner himself, he was different from the other slave owners because he was kind to his slaves and appreciated their hard work. He saw his slaves as more than just property and hated the slave business, which is shown when he says, “God help me if this is not the most wretched business” (Morrison
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