Forensic Psyc Midterm I - Lecture 1 Introduction Forensic...

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Lecture 1: Introduction Forensic Psychology: professional practice of clinical psychology focusing on assessment and treatment of individuals within a legal context Clinical – professional practice of psychology within both civil and criminal law AND Experimental – research that examines aspects of human behavior directly related to the legal process Forensic Psychologists : are not involved in crime scene investigations, are not doing profiles of serial murders, and are certainly not doing blood splatter analyses or DNA The Roles of Forensic Psychologists: Clinical Forensic Psychologist: Clinician: Mostly related in mental health issues pertaining to legal system Most clinical forensic psychologists are concerned with the assessment and treatment of persons with mental disorders within the context of the law Researchers in this area are concerned with validating and creating assessment instruments A clinical forensic psychologist may be based in the prison during assessments to assist the parole board in making decisions about risk Qualifications: graduate degree + registered with professional organizations Researcher: research related to legal system, E.G effectiveness of risk assessment scales, effectiveness of treatment programs, determining personality correlated of crime and factors that affect eyewitness testimonies As with clinical forensic psychologist, concerned with mental health issues as they pertain to the law and found in a variety of different settings Concerned with much more than only mental health issues, where interested in all the research that related to the law or legal systems Qualifications: graduate degree with research focused on a forensic psychological issue Legal scholar: focus on mental health law, psychologically oriented legal movements, policy analysis, and legislative consultations. Not as common. Developing guidelines for treating mental illness, determining the impact of policy change for victims of crime Qualifications: graduate degree with research focused on a forensic – legal issue Relationship Between Psychology and Law Psychology AND the law: the use of psychology to study law and legal system. Two separate disciplines; conduct research that has meaningful implications to the legal system: research on police lineups; characteristic of jurors that impact on their verdicts, development of new risk assessment measures “psychology is viewed as a separate discipline [to the law], examining and analyzing various components of the law [and the legal system] from a psychological perspective] Psychology IN the law: the use of psychology within the legal system as it currently operates, use of psychology by lawyers: most common use – conduct court ordered evaluations, consult with lawyers on legal issues, expert testimony; includes the use of psychological research by others (e.g. police officers when conducting police line-up) Psychology OF the law:
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