Sample 2 Literature Review (Paper 3)

Sample 2 Literature Review (Paper 3) - Name 1 Excellent...

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Name 1 Excellent Student Ms. J. Addison English 102 11 April 2013 Sex Education in Schools Teen pregnancy, HIV, and STD's have become major risks and issues prevalent in American society. Reports show that “60.5% of 12th graders across the country have had sexual intercourse,” a statistic that startles many (Todd). Numerous people believe that the prevention of these risks start by addressing them while teens are still young and in school. Teachers, parents, and students agree that some sort of action needs to be taken. However, the controversy begins when we decide how to address these matters. Some believe schools should only teach abstinence based programs that focus on encouraging teens to wait to have sex until they are married and teach them that the only way to be 100 percent safe is by not having sex. However, others believe that it is smarter to teach a comprehensive sex education class in schools and educate the students about contraceptives, birth control and safety rather than ignoring these topics. Moira Gaul, a director at the Family Research Council in Washington, D.C., claims that abstinence education programs should be taught in schools as opposed to comprehensive sex education courses. Gaul states that "abstinence-focused education provides youth with the skills
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Name 2 necessary to avoid sexual activity, build character, and develop healthy relationships." She believes that by teaching abstinence based programs we not only address the physical risk of sexual activity, but also the mental and emotional health and well being of teens. Gaul also explains how studies show that "pre-marital adolescent sex has been associated with a number of negative behavioral outcomes including: poor academic performance, substance abuse, mental health problems and illness, as well as increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and out-of-wedlock child bearing" (Gaul). Gaul also claims that according to a "recent 2007 Zogby poll" more parents support abstinence for their children and believe that schools should focus more on the promotion of abstinence (Gaul). Gaul supports her overall claim with a study done by Robert Lerner that was published in the Adolescent and Family Health journal. The study was based on a group of girls, called "The "Diamond Girls," who come from some of the roughest parts of Washington D.C. but are involved in an abstinence-based program called "Best Friends in Washington, D.C." (Gaul). Lerner's study reports that the "Diamond Girls" are less likely to expose themselves to high-risk activities and behaviors such as drinking, smoking, having sex, and doing illegal drugs. Gaul strongly supports programs like "Best Friends in Washington D.C." and uses Lerner's study to underscore her argument of how abstinence-based sex education is more effective and safer than comprehensive sex education.
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