Sample Literature Review (Paper 3)

Sample Literature Review (Paper 3) - Name 1 Excellent...

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Name 1 Excellent Student Jane Addison English 102 10 April 2013 Teen Pregnancy in South Carolina Growing up in the Bible belt of South Carolina would make teens less likely to have sex and less likely to become pregnant, right? Wrong. In reality, the pregnancy rate and birth rate are higher in South Carolina than in many other states in the nation. The consequences of teen pregnancy are numerous and severe. The nation realizes that teen pregnancy is a major issue and there is a debate about how to reduce teen pregnancy. Some people think that abstinence only sex education programs will be most effective in reducing teen pregnancy while other people think that programs focusing on protected sex will produce the best results. In South Carolina, abstinence only education is what is most advocated for. However there are still discussions over whether this is the best policy. Teen pregnancy is a national issue. The sheer number of teenagers who have had sex is eyebrow-raising, by itself. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention did a study of high school students in 2003 that explored different aspects of sexual activity. This study showed that 46.7% of ninth through twelfth graders had sexual intercourse, and that 34.3% were currently sexually active. Furthermore, 63% of high school students had used a condom during their last sexual intercourse and only 17% used a birth control pill (“Teen Sexuality and Pregnancy”). Not enough of the students having sex are using the protection needed to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
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Name 2 Teenagers are not mature enough to be parents, but in the heat of the moment they are not taking that into consideration. After a girl becomes pregnant, she either takes on all the responsibility of being a parent, or she pushes that responsibility onto her parents. Either way, the teen is not likely to be successful. If the teen’s parents kick her out of the house, then she is more likely to drop out of school to take care of her child. Then it is difficult for her to find a good job and she will most likely end up struggling to maintain a healthy environment for her child. If the teen’s parents assume all the responsibility of raising the child, then the teen does not learn that there are consequences to her actions, and she may end up repeating her mistakes and getting pregnant again. Zagata states that the best solution is for the parents not to abandon their teen, but to support her and get her counseling so that she can learn responsibility without being too overwhelmed, get the support she needs, and also learn from her mistakes. Teen pregnancy is not only a problem for the teen parents and the child, but also to society. Teen childbearing costs taxpayers “at least $9 billion each year, including public sector health care costs, increased child welfare costs, increased prison costs, and lost tax revenue” (National Campaign…). Teen pregnancy is an issue that impacts everyone.
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