ita300 notes - Ita300H1 LiteraryGenres 1...

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Ita300H1 “History of Italian Literature” Literary Genres  1. Epic: writer puts himself as representative of a community (i.e. Hope represents the  Greeks in the Odessey, Dante represents all Christians in the Divine Comedy) —>  formal.  2. Lyric: the poet speaks of his own personal feelings; speaks to an individual person  not an entire community; allows confessions (Canzone, Sonnet, Madrigal) 3. Drama/Theatre: the poet speaks to the public through the actors/characters (com- edy and tragedy) Duecento:  - End of the Middle Ages (end of the Roman Empire): cultural transformation  - Everything is written in Latin until Dante begins to write the Divine Comedy   - Neo-Latin tongues: Italian, Proven ç al, French, Spanish…  Francesco D’Assisi  - His mother was French, his father was a rich merchant  - Francesco was against his father ideals; he rejected this new society because he  thought people were losing their spirituality.  - Gets naked in a plaza: shows there is virtue in poverty; positions himself in front of  God.  - Laude Dramatiche : Praising poems/literature which was theatrically represented  - Needs to be easily memorized  - Poem:  - Repetition of “laudato si”: praised be —> repetition of syntagma in the same posi- tion of the verse is called  anaphora - Finds praise in things that are not manmade (the sun, seasons, wind, clouds) - “Bello ed iocundo” (line 19): more than one attribute to describe the fire, although  not identical they reflect the same thing. This is called  dittologia sinonimica - Two deaths: corporal (no human being can escape) and the final judgement (posi- tion of the soul would be set, hell or paradise)  Iacopone Da Todi: - Wealthy man, lawyer. His wife died during a party where the floor collapsed. When  she was pulled out her husband realized that she wore a “ cilicio ” (hair-shirt) under  her clothes.  - Form of penance which scratched the person’s skin — linked to D’assisi’s impor- tance in poverty and humility.  - Afterwards he joined the Franciscan order which was divided in two parties  - Conventuali : house/convent and absolute poverty rule  - Spirituali : inflict physical punishment  - Poem: Donna de Paradiso  - Laude Dramatica: theatrically presented in the steps of the church on Good Friday,  meant for everyone (the poor and illiterate included) to understand. 
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Ita300H1 “History of Italian Literature” - Death of Christ: Good Friday  - Didactical Function: taught the people who were in general illiterate religious events - Endecasillabo (11 syllable lines): makes it easier to memorize  - Stanzas organized in 4 lines  - Oversiplified rhyme scheme  - Characters:  -
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