ArtExamSG - A Ideas A Byzantine(manieragreca)stylevs. Italy...

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A. Ideas A. Byzantine (maniera greca) style vs. the development of naturalism in 13th-14th c  Italy  A. Byzantine: religious expression; church mosaics and fresco wall-paintings  B. Naturalism: rebirth; reinvention of one point perspective, new types of monuments,  flesh/muscular bodies.  A. New pictorial style that depends on clear, simple structure instead of flat compo- sitions  B. The revival of antiquity, classicism, all’antica A. attention to traditional forms concentrating on elegance and symmetry (ideas of per- fection)  B. MIchelangelo, Raphael, Correggio, and Mantega  C. Style wasn t revived until the late 18th and 19th century in Neoclassicism  C. The development of perspective: linear [one-point] perspective; atmospheric  (aereal) perspective  A. Linear perspective: signified (follows our universe through architecture)  B. Atmospheric: out of focus - blurred environment to give distance  D. Media: tempera, fresco, oil, printmaking techniques —different processes, differ- ent results, and the importance of technique/medium A. Tempera: permanent, fast-drying painting medium  B. Fresco: painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster (colors penetrate)  C. Oil: painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil  D. Printmaking techniques A. Relief point: subtractive, whatever artist outlines shows through  B. Intaglio: positive, direct process. Whatever carved is printed E. Northern DESCRIPTIVE NATURALISM vs. IDEALIZATION and CLASSICISM in Ital- ian art A. Descriptive naturalism: represent subject matter truthfully  B. Idealization: the representation of natural objects, scenes, etc to show important  characteristics  C. Classicism: emphasis on form, simplicity, proportion, and restraint  F. Northern symbolism: iconography in the North in the 15th century A. brought in more symbolic meaning G. How patronage and function affect narrative, style, iconography
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  • Spring '08
  • Werth
  • High Renaissance Classicism, A. Descriptive naturalism, A. Linear perspective, A. Oil paining, A. Relief point, A. Maniera greca

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